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    Lockheed Martin F22 Raptor

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    Lockheed Martin F22 Raptor

    Mensagem  Cnshark em Qua Maio 15 2013, 21:02

    F-22A "Raptor"

    Informações Gerais F22
    Tipo de Aeronave: Caça
    Origem: USA
    Engenharia: Lockheed Martin/ Boeing
    Lugares: 1
    Primeiro vôo: 2/09/1990
    Entrada em serviço: 2005
    Em serviço registrados oficialmente: 442
    Tipo de Asa: Duas-Lâminas em delta
    Tipo de Trazeira/rabeta: Cortada em "W"
    Cropped em delta (Leme dual)
    Trem de pouso: Retrátil Tipo: Triciclo

    Motores:
    Designação: Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 turbofans
    Tipo:Tecnologia Avançada
    Números: 2
    Max potência: 35,000 lbs
    T/W, Combat: 1.3

    Dimenções:
    Largura: 64ft - 19,507m Altura: 18ft - 5,486m
    Envergadura das ASAS: 43ft - 14,020m
    Área das ASAS: 830ft² - 77,109m2
    ASAS Carregadas/municiadas: 60lbs/ft²
    Peso Padrão sem carga: 30,000lbs - 13.607,7711Kg
    Peso Max: 60,000lbs - 27.215,54Kg
    Quantidade de combustíveis Tanque interno: 18,000lbs - 8.200Kg com taques externos somando a capacidade total para 26.000 lb - 11.900Kg.
    Armas carregadas Box interno: 5,000lbs - 2.267,96kg

    Performace :
    Distância de combate: 2.000nm - 3.704 Km's
    Velocidade cruzeiro, ao nível do mar (MSL): 800Mph (Kts) - 1.481,6 Km/h
    Velocidade de Supercruzeiro, MSL: Mach 1.82 - 1.220 Mph (Kts)- 1.963Km/h
    Velocidade máxima estimada: Mach 2.25 - 1500mph (Kts) - 2.410 Km/h
    Teto máximo: 65.000ft - 19.812 m
    Máxima força G load: -03/+ 09
    Velocidade de Stall (Perca de aerodinâmica): 84kts - 155,568Km/h

    Avionics
    Características: BAE Systems E & IS receptor de alerta radar (RWR) AN/ALR-94, AN / AAR 56 MAWS Infra-vermelho e Ultra-Violeta (Missile Warning System Approach) ea Northrop Grumman AN/APG-77 Eletronicamente Scanned Array (AESA) radar ativo

    Metralhadoras:
    Nome: M61A2 Tipo: Canhão rotativo
    Tambores:06
    Espessura do projétil balístico: 20mm

    O F22 Raptor Lockheed Martin/Boeing é caracteristicamente um caça de combate com tecnologia de invasão furtiva. É prioritariamente um caça para superioridade aérea mas com múltiplas capacidades que incluem ataque terrestres, guerra eletrônica e função de sinal/interferência de inteligência. As Forças Aéreas Norte Americanas consideram o Caça F-22 Raptor como uma das principais armas de resposta imediata para defesa de seu território e espaço aéreo.
    Projetado inicialmente para a Força Aérea Americana "USAF" como uma aeronave de Caça F-22 . O Marechal do Ar Angus Houston, Chefe da Força de Defesa Australiana, comentou em 2004 que o "F-22 foi um caça bem projetado e desenvolvido no foco de superioridade aérea."
    Visando o período de projeto do desenvolvimento, para o caça que teve varias designações como o F-22, F/A-22 e FX durante 3 anos de testes e usado em segredo até entrar formalmente nos serviços da US Air Force "USAF" em 2005, nomeado como F-22A.
    A Empresa Aéronautica "Lockheed Martin Aeronautics" é a maior responsável pelo contrato de fabricação, e majoritária no projeto do designer aeronáutico, também fabricante dos sistemas de bombas/Armas e sua construção primaria do F-22. A Boeing é responsável pela integração dos sistemas de defesas, da fuselagem e do corpo da aeronave incorporando os Avionics e sensores, também pelo cockpit do piloto, sua manutenção e treinamento do piloto aos sistemas.
    Projetado inicialmete em 1981 pelas Forças Aéreas Norte Americanas (USAF) Desenvolvido pela necessidade de um novo conceito de superioridade aéria, O "The Advanced Tactical Fighter" (ATF) Caça com sistemas de táticas avançadas, para substituir as capacidades do caça F-15 Eagle, direcionadamente para os F-15A, B, C e D variantes. "ATF" era uma validação em tecnologias para demonstrar um novo programa com a incumbência de desenvolver a próxima geração de caças de superioridade aérea emergindo numa linha focada em novos teatros de guerra, comparando com o desenvolvimento e proliferação da Era-soviética em tempos de "Guerra Fria" e sua tecnologia como os novos Flankers, nomeados pela Otan mas designados originais como o Sukhoi Su27 e familia Sukhoi SUx. caça soviético de superioridade aérea, atualmente nomeado como caça PakFA (muito parecido em designer aerodinâmico a um F22). As novas tecnologias abrangem a incorporação pela "ATF" de avanços como novos materiais mais resistentes e leves, sistemas avançados de controle vôo denominado fly-by-wire "flight control systems", Sistemas de propulsão de maior performam-se, e baixo-nível-de-observação/detecção/e tecnologia "stealth" furtiva.
    Foi aberto a iniciativa privada um processo de licitação para dar inicio ao projeto em julho de 1986.
    Formaram equipes em associação para o projeto, a Lockheed/Boeing/General Dynamics e Northrop/McDonnell Douglas foram selecionadas em outubro de 1986, para a construção em 50 meses para demonstrar e validar dois novos protótipos de aeronaves para testes nomeados como projeto YF-22 e o YF-23. Em 23 April de 1991 a USAF anunciou o projeto vencedor, o Lockheed's YF-22, e antecipando a construção de 650 aeronaves. O primeiro F-22 foi fabricado para a Base aérea de Nellis, Nevada, em 14 de janeiro de 2003 e para "Exclusivas Operações de Testes" iniciados em 27 de outubro de 2003. Em 2004, já existam 51 Raptors em serviço.
    O primeiro acidente aéreo relatado oficialmente com a aeronave Raptor foi durante uma decolagem na Base de Nellis em 20 de dezembro de 2004, com ejeção do piloto em situação segura antes do impacto da aeronave ao solo. A investigação sobre o acidente resumiu o relato de uma interrupção de energia para os motores fazendo com que eles desligassem em vôo causando um mal funcionamento no sistema de controle do vôo, posteriormente o problema foi resolvido modificando o designer da aeronave.

    Em Agosto de 2007, as Forças Aéreas dos Estados Unidos anunciou novos investimentos no valor de 5 bilhões de dólares, prolongando de 2008 para 2011 a produção com Lockheed Martin, de 20 unidades por ano dos F-22 Raptors. Em cerimônia no dia 29 de agosto de 2007, Lockheed Martin alcança o marco do centésimo "100° F-22 Raptor", entregue com AF Serial No.05-4100.









    Fonte:
    01.wikipédia
    02.Lead Persuit simulator Falcon 4.00
    03.USAF


    General characteristics
    Crew: 1
    Length: 62 ft 1 in (18.90 m)
    Wingspan: 44 ft 6 in (13.56 m)
    Height: 16 ft 8 in (5.08 m)
    Wing area: 840 ft² (78.04 m²)
    Airfoil: NACA 64-A05.92 root, NACA 64A-04.29 tip
    Empty weight: 43,430 lb (19,700 kg)
    Loaded weight: 64,460 lb (29,300 kg)
    Max. takeoff weight: 83,500 lb (38,000 kg)
    Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 Pitch Thrust vectoring turbofans
    Dry thrust: 23,500 lb[325] (104 kN) each
    Thrust with afterburner: 35,000+ lb (156+ kN) each
    Fuel capacity: 18,000 lb (8,200 kg) internally,or 26,000 lb (11,900 kg) with two external fuel tanks.About 3,050 gal or 20,333 lb JP-8 (without additions) internally.

    Performance
    Maximum speed:
    At altitude: Mach 2.25 (1,500 mph, 2,410 km/h) [estimated]
    Supercruise: Mach 1.82 (1,220 mph, 1,963 km/h)
    Range: >1,600 nmi (1,840 mi, 2,960 km) with 2 external fuel tanks
    Combat radius: 410 nmi (with 100 nmi in supercruise)[321] (471 mi, 759 km)
    Ferry range: 2,000 mi (1,738 nmi, 3,219 km)
    Service ceiling: 65,000 ft (currently restricted to 44,000 ft, sans vests)(19,812 m)
    Rate of climb: 40,000+ ft/min (200 m/s)
    Wing loading: 77 lb/ft² (375 kg/m²)
    Thrust/weight: 1.09 (1.26 with loaded weight & 50% fuel)
    Maximum design g-load: -3.0/+9.0 g


    USAF poster overview of key features and armament
    Armament
    Guns: 1× 20 mm (0.787 in) M61A2 Vulcan 6-barreled gatling cannon in starboard wing root, 480 rounds
    Air to air loadout:
    6× AIM-120 AMRAAM
    2× AIM-9 Sidewinder
    Air to ground loadout:
    2× AIM-120 AMRAAM and
    2× AIM-9 Sidewinder for self-protection, and one of the following:
    2× 1,000 lb (450 kg) JDAM or
    8× 250 lb (110 kg) GBU-39 Small Diameter Bombs
    Hardpoints: 4× under-wing pylon stations can be fitted to carry 600 U.S. gallon drop tanks or weapons, each with a capacity of 5,000 lb (2,268 kg).[

    Avionics
    RWR (Radar warning receiver): 250 nmi (463 km) or more
    Radar: 125–150 miles (200–240 km) against 1 m2 (11 sq ft) targets (estimated range)
    Chemring MJU-39/40 flares for protection against IR missiles.



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    Atualização: 2012 CN

      Data/hora atual: Qua Ago 23 2017, 20:26