11° GAVnt - Ursae Minoris - UM i

11° GAVnt - Ursae Minoris - UM i

Grupo de Aviação de Veículos não Tripulados



    Mensagens : 1292
    Data de inscrição : 25/01/2011
    Idade : 44
    Localização : Tubarão


    Mensagem  Cnshark em Seg Maio 09 2011, 03:03

    Versão muito similar a Tunguska, atualizada.

    Pantsir-S1 (Russian: Панцирь-С1, NATO reporting name SA-22 Greyhound) is a combined short to medium range surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery weapon system produced by KBP of Tula, Russia mounted either on a tracked or wheeled vehicle or stationary. The system is a further development of SA-19/SA-N-11.


    The specific feature of the Pantsir-S1 system is the combination of a multiple-band target acquisition and tracking system in conjunction with a combined missile and gun armament creating a continuous target engagement zone from 5 m height and 200 m range up to 10 km height and 20 km range, even without any external support.

    Using a digital data link system up to six Pantsir-S1 combat vehicle can operate in various modes.
    Stand alone combat operation: All the combat sequence from detecting a target to its engagement is fulfilled by a single Pantsir-S1 combat vehicle without employing other assets.
    Operation within a battery ("master-slave"): One Pantsir-S1 operates both as combat vehicle and as "master" command post. 3 to 5 Pantsir-S1 combat vehicles acting as "slave" receive target designation data from the "master" and subsequently fulfil all the combat operation stages.
    Operation within a command post: The command post sends target designations to the Pantsir-S1 combat vehicles and subsequently fulfill the designation order.
    Operation within a battery with command post and early warning radar: The command post receives air situation picture from a connected early warning radar and sends target designations to the Pantsir-S1 combat vehicles and subsequently fulfil the designation order.

    Pantsir-S prototype from 1994 was built on Ural-5323 8x8 truck.
    Actual Pantsir-S1 is built on KAMAZ-6560 8x8 38t truck with 400 hp.
    UAE Pantsir-S1 is built on German MAN SX 45 8x8 truck.
    Pantsir-S1 is also proposed to be built on an MZKT-7930 8x8 truck with 680 hp from the Belarus company "Minsk Wheeled Tractor Plant"
    A further Pantsir-S1 option is a tracked chassis type GM-352M1E from the Belarus company "Minsk Tractor Plant". The tracked chassis seems to be the only option where Pantsir-S1 is able to fire the 30 mm guns on the move.
    KBP offers also a stationary variant built on a container probably able to be mounted on ships also.

    Multi-sensor system

    Target acquisition radar:
    Type: phased-array
    Coverage: 360°
    Maximum detection range: at least 32 km, up to 36 km
    Band: UHF
    Target tracking radar:
    Type: phased-array
    Coverage: cone +/-45°
    Maximum tracking range: at least 24 km, up to 28 km
    Maximum number of targets can be tracked simultaneously: 20
    Maximum number of targets can be engaged simultaneously: 3
    Maximum number of missiles can be radio-controlled simultaneously: 4
    Band: EHF
    IFF: Separate or integrated upon customer's request

    Autonomous Optoelectronic System:
    Type: Detection, automatic acquisition and tracking of air and ground targets
    Target tracking band: Infra Red 3-5 µm
    Missile localisation band: Infra Red 0,8-0,9 µm
    Maximum number of targets can be tracked simultaneously: 1
    Maximum number of targets can be engaged simultaneously: 1
    Maximum number of missiles can be localised simultaneously: 1

    Number of targets that can be simultaneously engaged: 4 (three by radar, one by EO)
    Maximum number of targets engagement rate: 10 per minute
    Crew: 1–2 operators for the air defense system and 1 driver
    Reaction time: 4–6 seconds (from target acquisition to firing first missile)




    Type Surface-to-air missile
    Place of origin Russia
    Production history
    Variants 57E6, 57E6-E,[5] 57E6Y[6]
    Specifications (57E6-E[5])
    Weight 90 kg
    Length 3.2 m
    Diameter 0.17 m
    Warhead frag-HE and multiple continuous rod
    Warhead weight 20 kg
    mechanism Contact and proximity
    Propellant Solid-fuel rocket
    range 20 kilometres (12 mi)
    Flight altitude 15,000 metres (49,000 ft)
    Boost time 2 sec
    Speed 1,300 m/s

    Pantsir-S1 carries up to twelve 57E6 or 57E6-E two-stage solid fuel radio-command-guided surface-to-air missiles in sealed ready-to-launch containers. Missiles are arranged into two six-tube groups on the turret. The missile has a bicalibre body in tandem configuration. The first stage is a booster, providing rapid acceleration within the first 2 second of flight, after it is separated from the sustainer-stage. The sustainer is the highly agile part of the missile and contains the high explosive multiple continuous rod and fragmentation warhead, contact and proximity fuses as also radio transponder and laser responder to be localised for guidance. The missile is not fitted with seeker to keep target engagement costs low. Instead high-precision target and missile tracking is provided via the systems multiband sensor system and guidance data is submitted via radio link for up to four missiles in flight. Missiles can be fired in at up to four targets but more often in salvos of two missiles at one target. Missile is believed to have a hit probability of 70-95% and have a 15 year storage lifetime in its sealed containers. Pantsir-S1 combat vehicles can fire missiles on the move.


    Two dual 2A38M 30 mm autocannon guns are fitted with 700 rounds of a variety of ammunition—HE (High Explosive) fragmentation, fragmentation tracer, and armour-piercing with tracer. Ammunition type can be selected by the crew depending on the nature of the target. Maximum rate of fire is 2,500 rounds per minute per gun. Range is up to 4 km. The combined gun-missile system has an extremely low altitude engagement capability (targets as low as 0 m AGL can be engaged by this system).
    Wheeled combat vehicles have to be jacked up to keep the machine in the horizontal position and be able to fire the gun. The KAMAZ-6560 has four oil hydraulic jacks for this purpose.

    Designation: 2A38M
    Type: twin-barrel automatic anti-aircraft gun
    Calibre: 30 mm
    Maximum rate of fire: 2,500 rounds per minute per gun
    Muzzle velocity: 960 m/s
    Projectile weight: 0.97 kg
    Ammunition: 700 rounds per gun
    Minimum range: 0.2 m
    Maximum range: 4 km
    Minimum altitude: 0 m AGL
    Maximum altitude: 3 km

    Fire control
    The Pantsir-S1 fire control system includes a target acquisition radar and dual waveband tracking radar (designation 1RS2-1E for export models), which operates in the UHF and EHF waveband. Detection range is 32–36 km and tracking range is 24–28 km for a target with 2 m2 RCS.[7] This radar tracks both targets and the surface-to-air missile while in flight.
    As well as radar, the fire control system also has an electro-optic channel with long-wave thermal imager and infrared direction finder, including digital signal processing and automatic target tracking. A simplified, lower-cost version of Pantsir-S1 is also being developed for export, with only the electro-optic fire control system fitted.
    The two independent guidance channels—radar and electro-optic—allow two targets to be engaged simultaneously. Maximum engagement rate is up to 10 targets per minute.

    Support vehicles
    In order to increase high operational readiness KBP has designed a couple of vehicles to support Pantsir-S1 in the field.
    Transporter-Loader: One Transloader per two combat vehicles ensures rapid replacement of ammunition during combat operations.
    Mechanic Maintenance Vehicle: This Vehicle and its crew carries out maintenance a repair operations on the systems mechanical assemblies.
    Electronic Maintenance Vehicle: Carries out maintenance and repair operations on the systems electronic units and devices.
    Adjustment Vehicle: For adjustment operations on the system.
    Spare Parts Vehicle: This vehicle carries the common kit of spare parts, tools and accessories for the system.
    Mobile Trainer: Designed to train the combat vehicle crews in field conditions on the weapon system.

    Fonte: Wikipédia

      Data/hora atual: Qui Fev 22 2018, 23:22